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A hundred nodes in the Stockholm region: a simple calculation of the effects on commuting
KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5327-6535
2002 (English)In: Environment and Planning, B: Planning and Design, ISSN 0265-8135, E-ISSN 1472-3417, Vol. 29, no 2, 197-217 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to provide input to a discussion on the potential for reduced commuting with retained accessibility to work, when the development of information technology sets new conditions, and provides new opportunities, for the location of workplaces. The potential impacts on commuting of a node-structured Stockholm region is calculated. The result of the calculation is presented as a comparison between the node-structured city and a reference scenario for the year 2010. The reference scenario has been designed by the planning authorities in the region. The calculation started with the selection of a number of nodes. The exact number of nodes was not defined in advance. Rather it was a result of requirements for reasonable public transport and on reasonable population densities. This resulted in approximately 100 nodes. These were then treated as attractors of workplaces in the calculation. Some of the commuting trips in the reference scenario were rerouted according to specified assumptions. One assumption was that the desire to cut a trip would increase with distance. Another was that the desire to start working in a node would increase with decreasing distance to the node. A third assumption was that the propensity to work from home would increase with the distance to the workplace in the reference scenario. The calculation resulted in a scenario with considerably shorter commuting trips, with a consequent reduction in commuting volumes, and a subsequent increase in walking and cycling, compared with the reference scenario.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 29, no 2, 197-217 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13407OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13407DiVA: diva2:325118
Note
QC 20100617 NR 20140804Available from: 2010-06-17 Created: 2010-06-17 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. What is the Point of IT?: Backcasting urban transport and land-use futures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What is the Point of IT?: Backcasting urban transport and land-use futures
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Sustainable development, future studies, informationtechnology, urban land-use and passenger transport. These arethe five concepts upon which this thesis and the eight papersit contains are based. The thesis includes both a developmentof future studies methodology, especially with regard tobackcasting, and analyses of the relationship betweensustainable development, information technology, transport andland-use in future cities

Paper I (Gudmundsson&Höjer, 1996) suggests foursustainable development principles and discusses theimplications of these four principles for the transportsystem.

Paper II (Höjer&Mattsson, 2000) is amethodological paper where backcasting is discussed in relationto some other future studies approaches. Moreover, the use of anumber of common empirical approaches in such studies iscriticised for being too deterministic.

Paper III (Höjer, 1997) presents a study where fourtechnical scenarios of intelligent transport systems weregenerated and evaluated. The evaluation used a Delphi-inspiredbackcasting approach, where a total of some 100 internationalexperts contributed to a two-round survey.

Paper IV (Höjer, 1998a) highlights three of thescenarios generated in Paper III and elaborates some resultsfrom the evaluation of them.

Paper V (Steen et al., 1999) uses assumptions, based onother studies, regarding global future energy supply as well ason the development of vehicle technology and traffic volumes.Based on these, a scenario of a sustainable transport systemfor Sweden in 2040 is developed.

Paper VI (Höjer, 2000b) looks at how the patterns ofcommuting and land-use can change with new organisationalforms. The change can either contribute to reduced trafficvolumes and a more sustainable transport system, or it can leadsociety even further into unsustainability.

Paper VII (Höjer, 2000a) reports from a calculation ofpotential effects on commuting from a change towards anode-structured Stockholm region. The calculation is based onorigin-destination matrices generated from a traffic analysismodel.

Paper VIII (Höjer, 1996) is a generalising analyticalpaper on the relationship between information technology,especially transport telematics, and sustainabledevelopment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2000. xi, 37 p.
Series
Trita-IP. FR, 00-72
Keyword
transport land-use information technology sustainable development
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3016 (URN)
Public defence
2000-09-22, 00:00
Note
QC 20100617Available from: 2000-09-19 Created: 2000-09-19 Last updated: 2010-06-17Bibliographically approved

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