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Film flow measurements for high-pressure diabatic annular flow in tubes with various axial power distributions
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5595-1952
2006 (English)In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 236, no 23, 2485-2493 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Measurements of film flow rates in diabatic annular flow in tubes with various axial power distributions were carried out in the high-pressure two-phase flow loop at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden. The measurements were performed at conditions typical for boiling water reactors, i.e. 7 MPa pressure and total mass flux in a range from 750 to 1750 kg/m(2)s. Four different axial power distributions were used and the film mass flow was measured at 7 axial locations for each set of boundary conditions. The results show that the outlet peaked distribution gives less film than the inlet peaked one. This result is consistent with well known trends from measurements of dryout power. The measurements also show that the film flow at the onset of dryout is very small at investigated conditions in agreement with earlier studies. Finally it is shown that the present data is well predicted by two selected phenomenological models of annular flow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 236, no 23, 2485-2493 p.
Keyword [en]
Axial power distributions, Film flow measurements, Mass flow
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13430DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2006.03.002ISI: 000241899800007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33749614541OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13430DiVA: diva2:325309
Note
QC 20100618Available from: 2010-06-18 Created: 2010-06-18 Last updated: 2010-11-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Dryout and Power Distribution Effects in Boiling Water Reactors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dryout and Power Distribution Effects in Boiling Water Reactors
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Film flow measurements at several axial positions in round pipes with variousaxial power distributions are presented for conditions corresponding to normaloperation of a BWR. It is confirmed that the film flow rate approaches zero atthe onset of dryout. Selected phenomenological models of annular two-phaseflow are shown to reasonably reproduce the measurements. It is concluded thatmodels are in better agreement with measurements if terms corresponding topossible boiling induced entrainment are excluded.

A method to perform film flow analysis in subchannels as a post-processto a standard two-field subchannel code is suggested. It is shown that thisapproach may yield accurate prediction of dryout power in rod bundles to alow computational cost and that the influence of the power distribution is wellpredicted by the model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. x, 42 p.
Series
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2009:59
Keyword
Dryout, Film flow analysis, Power distribution, Measurements, Subchannel
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11343 (URN)978-91-7415-481-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-11-13, Sal FR4, AlbaNova, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100618Available from: 2009-10-28 Created: 2009-10-28 Last updated: 2010-07-19Bibliographically approved
2. Measurements of Film Flow Rate in Heated Tubes with Various Axial Power Distributions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measurements of Film Flow Rate in Heated Tubes with Various Axial Power Distributions
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Measurements of film mass flow rate for annular, diabatic steam-water flow in tubes are presented. The measurements were carried out with four axial power distributions and at several axial positions at conditions typical for boiling water reactors, i.e. 7 MPa pressure and total mass flux in a range from 750 to 1750 kg/m2s. The results show that the influence of the axial power distribution on the dryout power corresponds to a consistent tendency in the film flow rate and that the film tends to zero when dryout is approached. Furthermore it is demonstrated that two selected phenomenological models of annular flow well predict the present data. A model for additional entrainment due to boiling is shown to degrade the predictions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Fysik, 2006. vi, 27 p.
Keyword
film flow, film thickness, dryout, power distribution, annular flow
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3881 (URN)91-7178-279-6 (ISBN)
Presentation
2006-03-13, sem.rum 112:028, AlbaNova, Roslagstullbacken 11, Stockholm, 10:10
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101108Available from: 2006-03-15 Created: 2006-03-15 Last updated: 2010-11-08Bibliographically approved

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