Spatial and Source Multiplication Effects on the Area Ratio Reactivity Determination Method in a Strongly Heterogeneous Subcritical System
2010 (English)In: Nuclear science and engineering, ISSN 0029-5639, Vol. 166, no 2, 134-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The area ratio method of Sjostrand is generally considered one of the most reliable reactivity determination methods and thus is a major candidate for off-line calibration purposes in future accelerator-driven systems for high-level waste incineration. In this work, the Sjostrand area ratio method has been evaluated experimentally under thorough conditions in the strongly heterogeneous subcritical facility YALINA-Booster. Both strengths and weaknesses of the method have been identified. Most surprisingly, it has been found that the area ratio reactivity estimates may differ a factor of 2 depending on detector position. It is also shown that this strong spatial dependence can be explained based on a simple two-region point-kinetics model and corrected by means of correction factors obtained through Monte Carlo simulations. A new Monte Carlo correction method is proposed that includes, at the same time, the spatial disturbance and the effective delayed neutron fraction. In that way, the value of the effective multiplication factor is obtained from the measured dollar reactivity without the need of calculating the effective delayed neutron fraction explicitly, and thereby, the delayed neutron transport is performed only once. Further, it has been found that the Sjostrand area ratio method is not sensitive to perturbations of the source multiplication factor.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 166, no 2, 134-144 p.
Accelerator driven system, Area ratios, Correction factors, Correction method, Delayed neutrons, Detector positions, Effective delayed neutron fraction, Effective multiplication factor, MONTE CARLO, Monte Carlo Simulation, Point-kinetics models, Reactivity determination, Source multiplication, Spatial dependence, Subcritical systems, Computer simulation, Neutrons, Reactivity (nuclear), Waste incineration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13581ISI: 000282239100004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77958063824OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13581DiVA: diva2:326023
QC 20100621. Uppdaterad från accepted till published (20101203).2010-06-212010-06-212010-12-03Bibliographically approved