Duration of x-ray Raman scattering
1999 (English)In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 59, no 1, 380-389 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There has recently been much interest in using the notion of a duration time to analyze resonant x-ray Raman scattering (RXS) of atoms, molecules, and solids. This notion implies a selection of processes with different time scales responsible for the formation x-ray Raman spectra, and has been useful for actual predictions of various phenomena associated with RXS and that subsequently have been experimentally verified. However, the notion of a duration time for the x-ray scattering event can also have some paradoxical consequences, as when comparing the RXS duration with the relaxation time of the wave packet evolution in the case when the inverse detuning of the excitation energy is shorter than the time of flight or the lifetime of the core excited state. We present here a solution of this contradiction and give a detailed analysis of the notion of the duration time for RXS. It is shown that this time is complex and consists of two qualitatively different contributions. The first originates in the irreversible decay of the core excited state, while the imaginary part is caused by a reversible dephasing in the time domain. We investigate also the evolution of the wave packets of bound and dissociative states to stationary distributions. The theoretical analysis is accompanied by numerical examples of the time evolution of the wave packet in bound and dissociative core excited states of the N2 and HCl molecules.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 59, no 1, 380-389 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13608DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.59.380OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13608DiVA: diva2:326177
QC 201006222010-06-222010-06-222010-06-30Bibliographically approved