Vacancies in metals: From first-principles calculations to experimental data
2000 (English)In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, Vol. 85, no 18, 3862-3865 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have revealed, and resolved, an apparent inability of density functional theory, within the local density and generalized gradient approximations, to describe vacancies in Al accurately and consistently. The shortcoming is due to electron correlation effects near electronic edges and we show how to correct for them. We find that the divacancy in Al is energetically unstable and we show that anharmonic atomic vibrations explain the non-Arrhenius temperature dependence of the vacancy concentration.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 85, no 18, 3862-3865 p.
generalized gradient approximation, energies, surfaces, solids, model
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13895DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.3862ISI: 000090146300030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13895DiVA: diva2:328045
QC 201007012010-07-012010-07-012012-06-13Bibliographically approved