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Numerical Study of Polymers in Turbulent Channel Flow
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The phenomenon of drag reduction by polymers in turbulent flow has beenstudied over the last 60 years. New insight have been recently gained by meansof numerical simulation of dilute polymer solution at moderate values of theturbulent Reynolds number and elasticity. In this thesis, we track elastic parti-cles in Lagrangian frame in turbulent channel flow at Reτ = 180, by tracking,where the single particle obeys the FENE (finite extendible nonlinear elastic)formulation for dumbbel model. The feedback from polymers to the flow is notconsidered, while the Lagrangian approach enables us to consider high valuesof polymer elasticity. In addition, the finite time Lyapunov exponent (FTLE)of the flow is computed tracking infinitesimal material elements advected bythe flow. Following the large deviation theory, the Cramer’s function of theprobability density function of the FTLE for large values of time intervals isstudied at different wall-normal positions. The one-way effect of the turbulentflow on polymers is investigated by looking at the elongation and orientation ofthe polymers, with different relaxation times, across the channel. The confor-mation tensor of the polymers deformation which is an important contributionin the momentum balance equation is calculated by averaging in wall-parallelplanes and compared to theories available in the literature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
polymer turbulent Lyapunov exponent
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13897OAI: diva2:328051
2010-06-14, Osquars Backe 18, 6th floor, 16:00 (English)
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
QC 20100706Available from: 2010-07-06 Created: 2010-07-01 Last updated: 2010-07-06Bibliographically approved

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