The influence of cooking conditions on the bleachability and chemical structure of kraft pulps
1999 (English)In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, Vol. 14, no 1, 71-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The purpose of this investigation was primarily td investigate how variations in cooking conditions in the kraft pulping of softwood influence the subsequent bleaching, and secondly to study the relationship between the bleaching response and the chemical structure of the pulp. The cooking variables studied were hydroxide ion concentration, hydrogen sulfide ion concentration and cooking temperature. The pulps had the same kappa number after the cook, about 20, and were oxygen delignified to about kappa number 8 before bleaching. The influence of the cooking variables on the TCF-bleachability was studied in an AZQP*- and in a QPQP*-sequence (A=acid treatment, Z=ozone stage, Q=chelating agent stage, P*=peroxide stage with the addition of magnesium ions). All three cooking variables studied influenced the TCF-bleachability, but to different extents. The bleachability was improved by increased temperature for low chemical charges, but not at higher chemical charges. When [HS-] was increased the QPQP*-bleachability was improved but the AZQP*-bleachability was not affected. When [HO-] was varied a bleachability maximum was seen for the intermediate hydroxide ion concentration. The content of hexenuronic acid in the pulp after cooking could be reduced by using high initial [HO-], low initial [HS-] and a long cooking time. A high content of beta-O-4 structures in the unbleached residual lignin was found to contribute to a better bleachability of the pulp. However, the phenolic hydroxyl content could not be related to the bleaching response.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 14, no 1, 71-81 p.
bleachability, chlorine-free bleaching, softwoods, kraft pulps, hydrogen sulfide ion, hydroxide ion, temperature, beta-O-4, hexenuronic acid, chemical structures, HEXENEURONIC ACID GROUPS, TCF-BLEACHABILITY, LIGNINS, XYLAN
Materials Engineering Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13904ISI: 000079757500009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13904DiVA: diva2:328074
QC 201007012010-07-012010-07-012010-08-25Bibliographically approved