Influence of Salt and Rinsing Protocol on the Structure of PAH/PSS Polyelectrolyte Multilayers
2010 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 26, no 22, 17048-17057 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and dual polarization interferometry (DPI) have been utilized to study how the structure of poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH)/poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) multilayers is affected by the rinsing method (i.e., the termination of polyelectrolyte adsorption). The effect of the type of counterions used in the deposition solution was also investigated, and the polyelectrolyte multilayers were formed in a 0.5 M electrolyte solution (NaCl and KBr). From the measurements, it was observed that thicker layers were obtained when using KBr in the deposition solution than when using NaCl. There different rinsing protocols have been studied: (i) the same electrolyte solution as used during multilayer formation. (ii) pure water, and (iii) first a salt solution (0.5 M) and then pure water. When the multilayer with PAH as the outermost layer was exposed to pure water, an interesting phenomenon was discovered: a large change in the energy dissipation was measured with the QCM. This could be attributed to the swelling of the layer, and from both QCM and DPI it is obvious that only the outermost PAH layer swells (to a thickness of 25-30 nm) because of a decrease in ionic strength and hence an increase in intra- and interchain repulsion. whereas the underlying layers retain a very rigid and compact structure with a low water content. Interestingly, the outermost PAH layer seems to obtain very similar thicknesses in water independent of the electrolyte used for the multilayer buildup. Another interesting aspect was that the measured thickness with the DPI evaluated by a single-layer model did not correlate with the estimated thickness from the model calculations performed on the QCM-D data. Thus, we applied a two-layer model to evaluate the DPI data and the results were in excellent agreement with the QCM-D results. To our knowledge. this evaluation of DPI data has not been done previously.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 26, no 22, 17048-17057 p.
quartz-crystal microbalance, charge-density, growth regime, ionic-strength, polymer-films, thin-films, water, protein, adsorption, thickness
Chemical Sciences Physical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13937DOI: 10.1021/la102351fISI: 000283837800058ScopusID: 2-s2.0-78650355862OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13937DiVA: diva2:328465
FunderEU, European Research Council, PERG02-GA-2007-2249Swedish Research Council
QC 201150721 Uppdaterad från submitted till published(20110104). Tidigare titel: The Influence of Salt on the Structure of PAH/PSS polyelectrolytemultilayers2010-07-052010-07-052015-07-21Bibliographically approved