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On the prediction of crack propagation in cast steel specimens
KTH, Superseded Departments, Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
2004 (English)In: 9th Portuguese Conference on Fracture, 2004Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This investigation deals with the fatigue behaviour of cast steel with respect to defects, crack initiation, crack growth and material parameters. It constitutes the initial part of a larger work in cast materials. The main objectives have been to validate calculations made by FEM and Paris law with data from fatigue tests and to confirm material parameters for Pan's law. Furthermore, the results where put against calculations obtained from the fracture mechanic software AF-GROW. During the accomplishment some difficulties was experienced concerning the initiation of the crack, with result that there where just a few specimens suitable for evaluation by LEFM. However, some conclusions concerning the crack growth behaviour could yet be done. The results in general showed good correspondence, the results from AF-GROW included. Most divergences could be explained by residual stresses and, to some extent, the initiation problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004.
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14059OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14059DiVA: diva2:329542
Conference
February 18th – 20th 2004, Setúbal
Note
QC 20100712Available from: 2010-07-12 Created: 2010-07-12 Last updated: 2010-11-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Fatigue Assessment of Cast Components: Influence of Cast Defects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fatigue Assessment of Cast Components: Influence of Cast Defects
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

 This thesis is on the fatigue assessment of cast components with special attention to defects. The primary material in view is nodular cast iron, but also cast steel is considered. However, the fatigue behaviour is in principle valid for general use on other cast metals.The first two papers is about general cast material behaviour in fatigue loading. The materials considered are a high strength alloyed cast steel and a medium strength nodular cast iron. It is concluded that cast defects is the main fatigue initiation cause and it is only in exception that the fatigue life is not ruled by fracture mechanics. The third paper is a fracture mechanics evaluation of a nodular iron cast sleeve. The analysis of the component is based on crack initiation from cast defects and low-cycle fatigue. Fracture mechanics material parameters for Paris law, c and m, are extracted for the materials considered. In paper D design quality rules for nodular cast iron based on the Swedish standard SS 11 40 60 is presented. The quality rules regard cast defects in fatigue assessments and facilitate defect-based component design. In paper E, a finite element tool that is capable to predict and calculate 3D crack propagation for embedded cracks and defects is presented. The tool is an add-on for ANSYS finite element program. In paper F, closure equations for nodular cast iron are proposed in parallel to refined fracture mechanics material data. The paper includes crack propagation at different load ratios and in different microstructures.Summarized, the thesis composes a further development of the fatigue assessment of cast components. The central role of defects in fatigue is clarified and tools are provided for fracture mechanics evaluations of defects as well as for defect based design. The quality rules are also fit for application in manufacturing and for acceptance tests, hence covering the span from design to complete product.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. vi, 55 p.
Series
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2008:49
Keyword
cast nodular iron, fatigue, design rules, fracture mechanics
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9133 (URN)978-91-7415-101-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-09-29, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Gjutdesign
Note
QC 20100712Available from: 2008-09-23 Created: 2008-09-22 Last updated: 2010-07-12Bibliographically approved
2. Fatigue assessment of cast components
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fatigue assessment of cast components
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2005. iv, 17 p.
Series
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2005:24
Keyword
Engineering design, Konstruktionsteknik
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-342 (URN)91-7178-102-1 (ISBN)
Presentation
2005-06-06, Seminarierum 540, Teknikringen 8, Stockholm, 10:15
Note
QC 20101124Available from: 2005-08-01 Created: 2005-08-01 Last updated: 2010-11-24Bibliographically approved

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