Correlation and prediction of activity and osmotic coefficients of aqueous electrolytes at 298.15 K by the modified TCPC model
2007 (English)In: Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, ISSN 0021-9568, E-ISSN 1520-5134, Vol. 52, no 2, 538-547 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The modification and extension of a three-characteristic-parameter correlation model for calculating the thermodynamic properties including osmotic and mean activity coefficients of aqueous electrolytes at 298.15 K have been presented in this paper. The model can be reduced with two parameters: b, the approaching parameter, and S, the solvation parameter. Although the model adequately describes the thermodynamics with these two parameters, the third parameter, n, which is related to the distance between an ion and a solvent molecule, also can be regarded as an adjustable parameter. The two sets of parameters for 283 single salts in aqueous solutions up to saturation have been obtained from the regression of experimental values. Mean activity or osmotic coefficients of RbNO2, MgCl2, Sm(ClO4)(3), and ZnSO4, with these two sets of parameters, have been compared with the smoothed experimental data, which show good agreement. When the model with three parameters is employed, it gives a more accurate result, especially in case of high concentration. The comparison with Pitzer and the original TCPC model also illustrates the excellent performance of this modified model.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 52, no 2, 538-547 p.
VAPOR-LIQUID-EQUILIBRIA; BI-UNIVALENT COMPOUNDS; 3-CHARACTERISTIC-PARAMETER CORRELATION MODEL; ION INTERACTION PARAMETERS; RARE-EARTH PERCHLORATES; LOCAL COMPOSITION MODEL; EXCESS GIBBS ENERGY; ISOPIESTIC DETERMINATION; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; EVALUATED ACTIVITY
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14112DOI: 10.1021/je060451kISI: 000244734600036ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33947610111OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14112DiVA: diva2:329875
QC 201007142010-07-142010-07-142010-07-15Bibliographically approved