Experimental investigation of ice slurry flow pressure drop in horizontal tubes
2009 (English)In: Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, ISSN 0894-1777, Vol. 33, no 2, 357-370 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Pressure drop behaviour of ice slurry based on ethanol-water mixture in circular horizontal tubes has been experimentally investigated. The secondary fluid was prepared by mixing ethyl alcohol and water to obtain initial alcohol concentration of 10.3% (initial freezing temperature -4.4 degrees C). The pressure drop tests were conducted to cover laminar and slightly turbulent flow with ice mass fraction varying from 0% to 30% depending on test conditions. Results from flow tests reveal much higher pressure drop for higher ice concentrations and higher velocities in comparison to the single phase flow. However for ice concentrations of 15% and higher, certain velocity exists at which ice slurry pressure drop is same or even lower than for single phase flow. It seems that higher ice concentration delay flow pattern transition moment (from laminar to turbulent) toward higher velocities. In addition experimental results for pressure drop were compared to the analytical results, based on Poiseulle and Buckingham-Reiner models for laminar flow, Blasius. Darby and Melson, Dodge and Metzner, Steffe and Tomita for turbulent region and general correlation of Kitanovski which is valid for both flow regimes. For laminar flow and low buoyancy numbers Buckingham-Reiner method gives good agreement with experimental results while for turbulent flow best fit is provided with Dodge-Metzner and Tomita methods. Furthermore, for transport purposes it has been shown that ice mass fraction of 20% offers best ratio of ice slurry transport capability and required pumping power.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 33, no 2, 357-370 p.
Ice slurry, Pressure drop, Cold thermal energy storage
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14124DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2008.10.003ISI: 000263207800021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-58149312968OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14124DiVA: diva2:330096
QC 201007142010-07-142010-07-142010-07-15Bibliographically approved