Experimental investigation of ice slurry heat transfer in horizontal tube
2009 (English)In: International journal of refrigeration, ISSN 0140-7007, E-ISSN 1879-2081, Vol. 32, no 6, 1310-1322 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Heat transfer of ice slurry flow based on ethanol-water mixture in a circular horizontal tube has been experimentally investigated. The secondary fluid was prepared by mixing ethanol and water to obtain initial alcohol concentration of 10.3% (initial freezing temperature -4.4 degrees C). The heat transfer tests were conducted to cover laminar and slightly turbulent flow with ice mass fraction varying from 0% to 22% depending on test performed. Measured heat transfer coefficients of ice slurry are found to be higher than those for single phase fluid, especially for laminar flow conditions and high ice mass fractions where the heat transfer is increased with a factor 2 in comparison to the single phase flow. In addition, experimentally determined heat transfer coefficients of ice slurry flow were compared to the analytical results, based on the correlation by Sieder and Tate for laminar single phase regime, by Dittus-Boelter for turbulent single phase regime and empirical correlation by Christensen and Kauffeld derived for laminar/turbulent ice slurry flow in circular horizontal tubes. it was found that the classical correlation proposed by Sieder and Tate for laminar forced convection in smooth straight circular ducts cannot be used for heat transfer prediction of ice slurry flow since it strongly underestimates measured values, while, for the turbulent flow regime the simple Dittus-Boelter relation predicts the heat transfer coefficient of ice slurry flow with high accuracy but only up to an ice mass fraction of 10% and Re-cf > 2300 regardless of imposed heat flux. For higher ice mass fractions and regardless of the flow regime, the correlation proposed by Christensen and Kauffeld gives good agreement with experimental results. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd and IIR. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 32, no 6, 1310-1322 p.
Thermal storage, Ice slurry, Experiment, Heat transfer, Horizontal tube
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14125DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2009.01.014ISI: 000269466700020ScopusID: 2-s2.0-67949120413OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14125DiVA: diva2:330104
QC 201007142010-07-142010-07-142011-03-17Bibliographically approved