A systematic approach to optimal upgrading of water and waste water treatment plants
1998 (English)In: Water Science and Technology, ISSN 0273-1223, Vol. 37, no 9, 9-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Most of the future works in water and waste water treatment systems will involve the upgrading of existing facilities, for better performance and/or higher capacity. For the efficient implementation of any project, an upgrading strategy should be used, based on careful studies of the local conditions and the defined objectives to be reached. The paper presents a systematic approach to upgrading with emphasis on treatment plant extension, without investing in large volumes, by more efficient use of existing facilities, illustrated by some cases. The importance of real competition in obtaining a cost-effective implementation is stressed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 37, no 9, 9-16 p.
upgrading strategy, water treatment, waste water treatment, cost aspects, cases stories, nitrogen removal
Other Environmental Engineering Water Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14319DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1223(98)00265-0ISI: 000075263400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14319DiVA: diva2:332217
QC 201008032010-08-032010-08-032010-08-03Bibliographically approved