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Plant performance of an Sequencing Batch Reactor in Poland, operated with high Chromium load, reaching advanced nutrient removal
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2009 (English)In: Water Practice & Technology, ISSN 1751-231X, Vol. 4, no 1, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents performance experiences from the operation of a large SBRfacility in Nowy Targ, Poland. The plant has been in operation since 1995, and a number ofinvestigations have contributed to the evaluation of the operating conditions at the NowyTarg plant. The plant was designed for treating municipal and industrial wastewater fromabout 150,000 person equivalents. The plant receives chromium rich wastewater from almost400 small and medium-sized tanneries in the area. Although the Cr concentration sometimesexceeds 20 ppm in the combined incoming wastewater, the nutrient removal as well asorganic removal has proven to be very good. The possible effect of Cr acting as a precipitantfor phosphorus is also addressed. The influence of water temperature on the nitrogenperformance is clearly demonstrated by the results. The prevailing low water temperaturehas affected but not inhibited the nitrogen removal. The phosphorus removal as found in thisinvestigation suggests an advanced biological removal; however the impact of a possibleprecipitation by Cr is addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 4, no 1, 1-11 p.
Keyword [en]
Chromium, Nitrogen, Nitrogen removal, Phosphorus, Phosphorus removal, SBR.
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering Water Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14324DOI: 10.2166/WPT.2009.012.OAI: diva2:332224
QC 20100803Available from: 2010-08-03 Created: 2010-08-03 Last updated: 2010-08-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. SBR-technology - use and potential applications for treatment of cold wastewater
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SBR-technology - use and potential applications for treatment of cold wastewater
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Biological nutrient removal is used as an indicator of SBR performance at nine different SBRplants operated for a long period at low water temperatures (5 – 10oC). Typically needed aeratedSRT (Solids Residence Time) for complete nitrification is found to be in the range of 6 – 10 days.Biological phosphorus removal has been found to take place at 5oC.

The specific nitrification and denitrification rates (g N/kg VSS/h) have been found to besubstantially higher than those found in design recommendations. At temperatures < 10 oC thenitrification rates have been found up to 4 g Nox/kg VSS/h.

It has also been possible to establish a relation between the COD/N ratio and the nitrificationrate, showing that the rate increases to high rates when the ratio decreases.

Enhanced biological phosphorus removal has been demonstrated at two different plants even atlow water temperatures 5 – 7 oC.

Efficient biological nitrogen removal and phosphorus removal has been demonstrated at bothlow water temperatures and in presence of very high Chromium concentrations in inlet water, upto 20 mg Cr/l.

The plants operated with a short fill time in comparison with the total cycle time for the SBRprocess have all demonstrated good sludge settling properties, suggesting that the SBR processmay incorporate a good sludge selection performance.

Once a flexible operation strategy has been installed (in most cases through PLC systems) it hasbeen possible to meet load variations to maintain good treatment results. This has been found tobe true for most of the plants included in the thesis.

Finally, a modified way to assess the energy efficiency for the system is analysed and suggested.Instead of using the traditional ratio kWh/kg BODremoved the use of kWh/kg OCPremoved as a basisfor energy efficiency is used as a far more relevant efficiency measurement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. xviii, 63 p.
Trita-LWR. PHD, ISSN 1650-8602 ; 1050
Intermittent operation, Water temperature, nitrogen, phosphorus, SBR, reaction rates
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10550 (URN)978-91-7514-341-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-06-03, Sal F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
QC 20100803Available from: 2009-05-26 Created: 2009-05-26 Last updated: 2010-08-03Bibliographically approved

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