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A Metamodel for Strategic Business and IT Alignment Assessment.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
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2006 (English)In: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Systems Engineering 2006 (CSER2006), University of Southern California, USC, California, USA. April 2006., 2006Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper proposes a metamodel based on Jerry N. Luftman’s strategic business andinformation technology (IT) alignment assessment approach. It explains how this metamodel isdeduced and how it will perform such an assessment, showing conformity with the expert’sparent approach. Since Enterprise Architecture (EA) has emerged as a feasible model-basedmanagement tool for the systematic and holistic planning and decision-making of an enterprise’sbusiness and IT system operation and evolution, this paper also argues the metamodel’saffiliation to EA as a guide or reference for identifying the relevant representations for specificconcerns, mitigating the expenses and drawbacks of the often larger modeling required to applythe EA Frameworks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006.
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14412OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14412DiVA: diva2:332426
Note
QC 20100805Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2014-07-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Strategic Business and IT Alignment Assessment: A Modeling Approach Associated with Enterprise Architecture
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategic Business and IT Alignment Assessment: A Modeling Approach Associated with Enterprise Architecture
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Information Technology (IT) systems are pervasive tools for contemporary enterprises to achieve their mission and goals. A key issue for a well-functioning enterprise is to keep business and IT strategies aligned as they continuously evolve. Although many practitioners and researchers offer business and IT alignment theories and approaches there is no silver bullet solution for all the issues involved in Strategic Business and IT Alignment (SBITA), which is still ranked amongst the five top enterprise executives? concerns year after year. In this thesis two SBITA assessment methods are presented. The first is the Organization-wide Approach for Assessing SBITA, developed as an enhancement of Jerry N. Luftman's SBITA assessment approach in terms of measurability, traceability and organizational involvement. The second is the Alignment Metamodel Assessment Method (AMAM). Both methods are based on well established references and approaches and they are presented with systematic documentation for their application and reusability as shown in the included papers and reported case studies. This is a composite thesis that, besides the introduction, includes five papers (papers A-E). Paper A describes Luftman's SBITA assessment approach and its enhancement in terms of measurability, traceability and organizational involvement, the proposed Organization-wide Approach for Assessing SBITA. Results from applying this approach in two case studies in companies in Sweden and Nicaragua are also included. Paper B describes the AMAM. It explains how a metamodel is deduced and how the SBITA assessment will be performed. This paper argues that the AMAM can be affiliated to the EA discipline as a guide or reference for identifying the relevant EA?s representations for the SBITA concern, mitigating the expenses and drawbacks of the often larger modeling required in applying EA frameworks. Paper C shows a weighting of the importance of the SBITA topics, taking as reference the Henderson & Venkatraman Strategic Alignment Model (SAM) - the basis of Luftman?s SBITA assessment approach -by relating it to the relevant and highly cited references in the field of SBITA. Paper D explains the criteria and the process for associating the AMAM artifacts with the Zachman´s Enterprise Architecture Framework and reports the pattern of association into the EA dominion. Paper E reports the details of the processes and results of applying the developed AMAM in a case study conducted in an intensive IT services enterprise in Nicaragua.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. iv, 41 p.
Series
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2009:028
Keyword
Strategic Business and IT Alignment assessment; Modeling approach; Enterprise Architecture; Case studies on Strategic Business and IT Alignment assessment
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10584 (URN)
Public defence
2009-06-05, sal E2, Lindstedsvägen 3, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100805Available from: 2009-05-28 Created: 2009-05-28 Last updated: 2012-03-23Bibliographically approved
2. Strategic Business and IT Alignment: Addressing Assessment and Governance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategic Business and IT Alignment: Addressing Assessment and Governance
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Strategic business and IT alignment assessment is growing in importance. Different assessment methods have been used to try to pursue the complexity of this dynamic and evolutionary alignment. Despite the fact that alignment is a real problem and a challenge of utmost importance, no consensus can be found on what alignment really is, how it should be measured in the organization in practice, or what measures should be taken to maintain and improve it. Consequently, the key question about how to assess and accomplish (define, identify, measure, maintain and improve) the strategic business and IT alignment is still a great unanswered challenge for many enterprises.

In this thesis work, three main research questions were formulated: how can the validity and reliability of an alignment assessment method be improved, what are the dominant topics in the area of alignment, and how to facilitate the analysis of the business and IT governance alignment based on business process simulation and balanced scorecard methods.

This is a composite thesis work that includes an introduction and six papers (paper A-F). The main contributions and results of this thesis are described in published and included technical papers. In papers A and B an alternative organization-wide approach and metamodel for assessing strategic business and IT alignment are proposed. Two case studies were performed applying the proposed approach. In paper C, a prioritized diagram of the most widely accepted strategic alignment model, with the purpose of categorizing the most important topics in the research area of strategic business and IT alignment is presented. One of the relevant topics that were identified is governance. In papers D, E and F, there are presented a business process simulation approach and a balanced scorecard method in order to facilitate the assessment of the business and IT governance alignment. An illustrative example of the simulation approach is presented in an appendix of this thesis.

This research work aims to improve the decision-making process for business and IT managers at different levels in an enterprise by means of increasing the level of understanding and knowledge as well as by enhancing existing models and methods, for evaluating strategic business and IT alignment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2010. v, 32 p.
Series
TRITA-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2010:045
Keyword
Enterprise Architecture, Strategic Business and IT Alignment, IT Governance, Business Governance, Business Process Simulation, Balanced Scorecards, IT Services, ITIL, COBIT
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26039 (URN)
Public defence
2010-11-24, Room F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20101110

Available from: 2010-11-10 Created: 2010-11-10 Last updated: 2014-07-15Bibliographically approved

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http://www.asdifec.uni.edu.ni/Sitio/NormanVargas/187-Plazaola-A%20METAMODEL%20FOR%20STRATEGIC%20BUSINESS%20AND%20IT%20ALIGNMENT%20ASSESMENT.pdf

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Ekstedt, Mathias

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