Finalizing the properties of porous scaffolds of aliphatic polyesters through radiation sterilization
2006 (English)In: Biomaterials, ISSN 0142-9612, E-ISSN 1878-5905, Vol. 27, no 31, 5335-5347 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Porous scaffolds made of various L,L-lactide (LLA), 1,5-dioxepane-2-one (DXO) and epsilon-caprolactone (CL) copolymers were sterilized by EB- and gamma-irradiation. Differences in the comonomers, composition and the microstructure of the starting materials were used to influence the degradation mechanism and susceptibility towards irradiation and by this means to achieve sterilized scaffolds with predicted end-properties. The chemical changes and the formation of low-molecular-weight products were determined by SEC, H-1 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), C-13 NMR and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The degradation mechanism changed from random chain scission to cross-linking depending on the choice of monomers, the copolymer composition and the monomer sequences. Copolymerization of LLA with small amounts of CL or DXO increased the stability compared to that of the LLA homopolymer. Changing DXO to CL in a LLA copolymer also increased the stability. The type of radiation and the microstructure of the copolymer chains determined which of the monomer sequences were more prone to degrade. The most abundant low-molecular-weight product identified after sterilization was DXO monomer. Traces of LLA and CL monomers were also identified. Modification of the copolyester microstructure changed the degradation mechanism and the susceptibility towards irradiation. This allows the use of radiation sterilization to finalize the scaffold properties.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 27, no 31, 5335-5347 p.
electron beam, gamma irradiation, scaffold, copolymer, polycaprolactone, polylactic acid
Polymer Chemistry Polymer Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14416DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2006.06.024ISI: 000240611000001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33746216928OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14416DiVA: diva2:332438
QC 201507202010-08-052010-08-052015-07-20Bibliographically approved