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Micrornechanics of cleavage fracture initiation in ferritic steels by carbide cracking
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.), Biomechanics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.).
2005 (English)In: Journal of the mechanics and physics of solids, ISSN 0022-5096, Vol. 53, no 1, 171-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cleavage fracture in ferritic steels is often initiated in brittle carbides randomly distributed in the material. The carbides break as a result of a fibre loading mechanism in which the stress levels in the carbides are raised, as the surrounding ferrite undergoes plastic deformation. The conditions in the vicinity of the nucleated micro-crack will then determine whether the crack will penetrate or be arrested by the ferrite. The ferrite is able to arrest nucleated cracks through the presence of mobile dislocations, which blunt and shield the microcrack and thus lowers the stresses at the crack tip. Hence, the macroscopic toughness of the material directly depends on the ability of the ferrite to arrest nucleated micro-cracks and in turn on the plastic rate sensitivity of the ferrite. The initiation of cleavage fracture is here modelled explicitly in the form of a micro-crack, which nucleates in a brittle carbide and propagates into the surrounding ferrite. The carbide is modelled as an elastic cylinder or in a few cases an elastic sphere and the ferrite as an elastic viscoplastic material. The crack growth is modelled using a cohesive surface, where the tractions are governed by a modified exponential cohesive law. It is shown that the critical stress, required to propagate a microcrack from a broken carbide, increases with decreasing plastic rate sensitivity of the ferrite. The results also show that a low stress triaxiality and a high aspect ratio of the carbide promote the initiation of cleavage fracture from a broken carbide.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 53, no 1, 171-196 p.
Keyword [en]
cleavage nucleation, elastic-viscoplastic material, dynamic fracture, ferritic steel, fracture mechanisms, brittle-fracture, probabilistic model, cohesive elements, growth-resistance, grain-boundaries, plastic solids, toughness, parameters, shear, temperature
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14442DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2004.05.008ISI: 000226034500008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-9644283307OAI: diva2:332483
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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