Fluorescence imaging of two-photon linear dichroism: Cholesterol depletion disrupts molecular orientation in cell membranes
2005 (English)In: Biophysical Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, E-ISSN 1542-0086, Vol. 88, no 1, 609-622 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The plasma membrane of cells is an ordered environment, giving rise to anisotropic orientation and restricted motion of molecules and proteins residing in the membrane. At the same time as being an organized matrix of defined structure, the cell membrane is heterogeneous and dynamic. Here we present a method where we use fluorescence imaging of linear dichroism to measure the orientation of molecules relative to the cell membrane. By detecting linear dichroism as well as fluorescence anisotropy, the orientation parameters are separated from dynamic properties such as rotational diffusion and homo energy transfer ( energy migration). The sensitivity of the technique is enhanced by using two-photon excitation for higher photo-selection compared to single photon excitation. We show here that we can accurately image lipid organization in whole cell membranes and in delicate structures such as membrane nanotubes connecting two cells. The speed of our wide-field imaging system makes it possible to image changes in orientation and anisotropy occurring on a subsecond timescale. This is demonstrated by time-lapse studies showing that cholesterol depletion rapidly disrupts the orientation of a fluorophore located within the hydrophobic region of the cell membrane but not of a surface bound probe. This is consistent with cholesterol having an important role in stabilizing and ordering the lipid tails within the plasma membrane.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 88, no 1, 609-622 p.
dipyrrometheneboron difluoride bodipy, multifocal multiphoton microscopy, lipid rafts, plasma-membrane, bilayer-membranes, mammalian-cells, chain-length, living cells, immune cells, nk cells
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14444DOI: 10.1529/biophysj.104.050096ISI: 000226090900057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14444DiVA: diva2:332485
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved