CFD modelling of an industrial air diffuser: predicting velocity and temperature in the near zone
2005 (English)In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 40, no 5, 601-615 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article describes experimental and modelling results from CFD simulation of an air diffuser for industrial spaces. The main objective of this paper is to validate a manufacturer model of the diffuser. In the air diffuser, the low velocity part is placed on top of a multi-cone diffuser in order to increase airflow rates and maximize the cooling capacity of a single diffuser unit. This kind of configuration should ensure appropriate performance of industrial air diffusers, which is discussed briefly at the end of the article. The paper illustrates the importance of a simulation model jointly with the manufacturer's product model and the grid layout near the ventilation device to achieve accurate results. Parameters for diffuser modelling were adapted from literature and manufacturer's product data. Correct specification of diffuser geometry and numerical boundary conditions for CFD simulations are critical for prediction. The standard k-epsilon model was chosen to model turbulence because it represents the best-known model utilized and validated for air diffuser performance. CFD simulations were compared systematically with data from laboratory measurements; air velocity was measured by ultrasonic sensors. Results show that CFD simulation with a standard k-epsilon model accurately predicts non-isothermal airflow around the diffuser. Additionally, smoke tests revealed that the flow around the diffuser is not completely symmetrical as predicted by CFD. The cause of the observed asymmetry was not identified. This was the main reason why some simulation results deviate from the measured values.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 40, no 5, 601-615 p.
industrial air diffuser, CFD, boundary conditions, velocity distribution, temperature distribution, room, validation
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14557DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2004.08.020ISI: 000227250900002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-13444306430OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14557DiVA: diva2:332598
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052010-10-07Bibliographically approved