Aqueous phase one-electron reduction of sulfonium, selenonium and telluronium salts
2005 (English)In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, no 4, 701-705 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Triorganylsulfonium, -selenonium and -telluronium salts were reduced by carbon dioxide radical anions/solvated electrons produced in aqueous solution by radiolysis. The radical expulsion accompanying reduction occurred with the expected leaving group propensities (benzyl > secondary alkyl > primary alkyl > methyl > phenyl), although greater than expected loss of the phenyl group was often observed. Diorganyl chalcogenides formed in the reductions were conveniently isolated by extraction with an organic solvent. Product yields based on the amount of reducing radicals obtained from the T-source were often higher than stoichiometric (up to 1800 %) in the reduction of selenonium and telluronium compounds; it is likely that this result can be accounted for in terms of a chain reaction with carbon-centred radicals/formate serving as the chain transfer agent. The product distribution was essentially independent of the reducing species for diphenyl alkyl telluronium salts, whereas significant variations were seen for some of the corresponding selenonium salts. This would suggest the intermediacy of telluranyl radicals in the one-electron reduction of telluronium salts. However, pulse radiolysis experiments indicated that the lifetimes of such a species (the triphenyltelluranyl radical) would have to be less than 1 mus.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. no 4, 701-705 p.
radicals, one-electron reduction, sulfonium salts, selenonium salts, telluronium salts, pulse-radiolysis, bond-cleavage, electrochemical reduction, homolytic substitution, displacement-reactions, diaryl-ditellurides, grignard-reagents, green chemistry, h-1-nmr spectra, c-se
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14568DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.200400604ISI: 000227327400009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-14944347352OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14568DiVA: diva2:332609
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved