Molecular mass distributions of lignin and lignin-carbohyd rate complexes in birch Kraft pulps: Changes caused by the conditions in the cook and their relation to unbleached pulp brightness and bleachability
2005 (English)In: Journal of Pulp and Paper Science (JPPS), ISSN 0826-6220, Vol. 31, no 1, 19-27 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Lignin-carbohydrate complexes and their relationship to pulp bleachability and unbleached pulp brightness were studied in four birch kraft pulps produced at high and low hydroxide ion and sodium ion concentrations, using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). About 75-80%of the lignin was found to be associated with carbohydrates, a larger part with hemicelluloses and a smaller part with cellulose. Easily bleached pulps, produced under high [OH-] or low [Na+] conditions, had more lignin associated with cellulose than their counterparts. Furthermore, a high [OH-] gave a residual lignin that was significantly more accessible in the residual lignin isolation, and where the inaccessible lignin was bonded to carbohydrates. Colour differences of pulps caused by variations in the cooking conditions, as studied in the SEC system, were associated with all the lignin, irrespective of whether it was associated with hemicelluloses or cellulose.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 31, no 1, 19-27 p.
lignins, lignin carbohydrate complexes, betula, kraft pulps, brightness, bleachability, unbleached pulps, distribution, hexeneuronic acid groups, lithium chloride/n,n-dimethylacetamide, qpqp bleachability, tcf-bleachability, residual lignin, kappa-number, softwood, bonds, cellulose, strength
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14715ISI: 000228763300004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-25844492469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14715DiVA: diva2:332756
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved