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Electron transfer in neptunyl(VI)-neptunyl(V) complexes in solution
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
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2005 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 109, no 22, 4950-4956 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The rates and mechanisms of the electron self-exchange between Np(V) and Np(VI) in solution have been studied with quantum chemical methods and compared with previous results for the U(V)-U(VI) pair. Both outer-sphere and inner-sphere mechanisms have been investigated, the former for the aqua ions, the latter for binuclear complexes containing hydroxide, fluoride, and carbonate as bridging ligand. Solvent effects were calculated using the Marcus equation for the outer-sphere reactions and using a nonequilibrium PCM method for the inner-sphere reactions. The nonequilibrium PCM appeared to overestimate the solvent effect for the outer-sphere reactions. The calculated rate constant for the self-exchange reaction NpO2+(aq)+NpO22+(aq) &REVARR; NPO22+(aq)+NPO2+(aq), at 25° C is k = 67 M-1 s(-1), in fair agreement with the observed rates 0.0063-15 M-1 s-1. The differences between the Np(V)-Np(VI) and the U(V)-U(VI) pairs are minor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 109, no 22, 4950-4956 p.
Keyword [en]
energy-adjusted pseudopotentials, spin-orbit method, mean-field, computational chemistry, aqueous-solution, ab-initio, exchange, ions, reduction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14795DOI: 10.1021/jp0444971ISI: 000229589100010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-20844459462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14795DiVA: diva2:332836
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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