In situ studies of the effect of CO2 on the initial NaCl-induced atmospheric corrosion of copper
2005 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, Vol. 152, no 9, B342-B351 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effect of carbon dioxide (CO2) on the NaCl-induced atmospheric corrosion of copper was studied using in situ Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy, in situ scanning Kelvin probe, and scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive analysis by X-ray. The copper surface was contaminated with a single NaCl particle and then exposed to 80 +/- 2% relative humidity clean humidified air with two concentrations of CO2 (< 5 and 350 ppm). After formation of an electrolyte droplet secondary spreading of electrolyte from the peripherical parts of the droplet was observed. The secondary spreading effect, which was much larger at < 5 ppm CO2 than at 350 ppm, was a consequence of the formation of a galvanic element between a local cathode outside the edge of the droplet and an anode in the droplet. This lead to alkaline conditions in the secondary spreading area and transport of Na+ ions to the local cathode. The large secondary spreading at low CO2 concentration was possible due to lowering of the surface tension of the electrolyte/metal oxide interface at the peripheral parts of the droplet. Carbonate formation lowered the pH when the CO2 concentration was 350 ppm and resulted in a decrease of the pH and inhibition of the secondary spreading.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 152, no 9, B342-B351 p.
nahco3+nacl aqueous-solutions, sodium-chloride, carbon-dioxide, filiform corrosion, polymeric coatings, sulfur-dioxide, kelvin probe, humid air, part 1, zinc
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14964DOI: 10.1149/1.1984448ISI: 000231066300035ScopusID: 2-s2.0-25644445198OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-14964DiVA: diva2:333005
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052010-10-01Bibliographically approved