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A dimensional approach to vocal expression of emotion
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Music Acoustics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3086-0322
2005 (English)In: Cognition & Emotion, ISSN 0269-9931, E-ISSN 1464-0600, Vol. 19, no 5, 633-653 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explored a dimensional approach to vocal expression of emotion. Actors vocally portrayed emotions (anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness) with weak and strong emotion intensity. Listeners (30 university students and 6 speech experts) rated each portrayal on four emotion dimensions (activation, valence, potency, emotion intensity). The portrayals were also acoustically analysed with respect to 20 vocal cues (e.g., speech rate, voice intensity, fundamental frequency, spectral energy distribution). The results showed that: (a) there were distinct patterns of ratings of activation, valence, and potency for the different emotions; (b) all four emotion dimensions were correlated with several vocal cues; (c) listeners' ratings could be successfully predicted from the vocal cues for all dimensions except valence; and (d) the intensity dimension was positively correlated with the activation dimension in the listeners' ratings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Psychology Press, 2005. Vol. 19, no 5, 633-653 p.
Keyword [en]
perceived emotion, prosodic cues, speech rate, core affect, perception, pitch, recognition, intensity, model, communication
National Category
Music Psychology Language Technology (Computational Linguistics)
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14980DOI: 10.1080/02699930441000445ISI: 000231271700001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-23744481220OAI: diva2:333021

QC 20100525 QC 20111012

Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2016-07-22Bibliographically approved

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