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The trust-region self-consistent field method in Kohn-Sham density-functional theory
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2005 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 123, no 7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The trust-region self-consistent field (TRSCF) method is extended to the optimization of the Kohn-Sham energy. In the TRSCF method, both the Roothaan-Hall step and the density-subspace minimization step are replaced by trust-region optimizations of local approximations to the Kohn-Sham energy, leading to a controlled, monotonic convergence towards the optimized energy. Previously the TRSCF method has been developed for optimization of the Hartree-Fock energy, which is a simple quadratic function in the density matrix. However, since the Kohn-Sham energy is a nonquadratic function of the density matrix, the local energy functions must be generalized for use with the Kohn-Sham model. Such a generalization, which contains the Hartree-Fock model as a special case, is presented here. For comparison, a rederivation of the popular direct inversion in the iterative subspace (DIIS) algorithm is performed, demonstrating that the DIIS method may be viewed as a quasi-Newton method, explaining its fast local convergence. In the global region the convergence behavior of DIIS is less predictable. The related energy DIIS technique is also discussed and shown to be inappropriate for the optimization of the Kohn-Sham energy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 123, no 7
Keyword [en]
electronic-structure calculations, gaussian-basis sets, hartree-fock, convergence acceleration, energy minimization, matrix search, diagonalization
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-14994DOI: 10.1063/1.1989311ISI: 000231449700003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34547554967OAI: diva2:333035
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Salek, Pawel
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Theoretical Chemistry
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