Theoretical DFT study of phosphorescence from porphyrins
2005 (English)In: Chemical Physics, ISSN 0301-0104, E-ISSN 1873-4421, Vol. 315, no 3, 215-239 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Geometrical structure of free-base porphin (H2P) and Mg- and Zn-porphyrins together with their vibrational frequencies and vibronic intensities in phosphorescence are investigated by density functions theory (DFT) with the standard B3LYP functional. These molecules have a closed-shell singlet ground state (S-0) and low-lying triplet (T-1) excited states of pi pi* type. The S-0-T-1 transition probability and radiative lifetime of phosphorescence (tau(p)) of these molecules are calculated by time-dependent DFT utilizing quadratic response functions for account of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and electric-dipole transition moments including displacements along active vibrational modes. The infrared and Raman spectra in the ground singlet and first excited triplet states are also studied for proper assignment of vibronic patterns. The long radiative lifetime of free-base porphin phosphorescence (tau(p) similar to 360 s at low temperature limit, 4.2 K) gets considerably shorter for the metalloporphyrins. An order of magnitude reduction of tau(p) is predicted for Mg-porphyrin but no change of phosphorescence polarization is found. A forty times enhancement of the radiative phosphorescence rate constant is obtained for Zn-porphyrin in comparison with the H2P molecule which is accompanied by a strong change of polarization and spin-sublevel radiative activity. A strong vibronic activity of free-base porphin phosphorescence is found for the b(2g) mode at 430 cm(-1), while the 679 and 715 cm(-1) vibronic bands of b(3g) symmetry are less active. These and other out-of-plane vibrations produce considerable changes in the radiative constants of different spin sublevels of the triplet state; they also promote the S-1 --> T-1 intersystem crossing. Among the in-plane vibrations the a(g) mode at 1614 cm(-1) is found very active; it produces a long progression in the phosphorescence spectrum. The time-dependent DFT calculations explain the effects of the transition metal atom on phosphorescence of porphyrins and reproduce differences in their phosphorescence and EPR spectra.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 315, no 3, 215-239 p.
free-base porphin, Mg-porphyrin, Zn-porphyrin, phosphorescence, radiative lifetime, vibronic bands, free-base porphin, density-functional theory, electronic-absorption-spectrum, lowest triplet-state, normal coordinate analysis, molecular-orbital methods, resonance raman-spectra, harmonic force-field, excited-states, singlet-oxygen
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15000DOI: 10.1016/j.chemphys.2005.04.017ISI: 000231534100001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-27644555225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15000DiVA: diva2:333041
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved