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On the relation between surface texture and gloss of injection-molded pigmented plastics
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Metrology and Optics.
2005 (English)In: Polymer Engineering and Science, ISSN 0032-3888, E-ISSN 1548-2634, Vol. 45, no 10, 1343-1356 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The relation between the surface topography of injection-molded plastic objects with deliberately imposed textures and their gloss, measured by means of a conventional glossmeter at incident angles of 20 degrees, 60 degrees and 85 degrees, was investigated. A modification of the general scalar Kirchhoff approximation, which accounts for geometrical features of the glossmeter, is used to describe the experimental gloss values of the textured surfaces. The agreement between the measured and the calculated values for incidence angles of 20 degrees and 60 degrees confirms the usefulness of the approach, though several of the textured surfaces used here are too rough for the Kirchhoff theory to be strictly valid. A poorer agreement, however, was noted at higher incidence angles (85 degrees in this case). For very smooth surfaces (without any texture), the classical Bennett-Porteus theory could in many cases describe the gloss level with sufficient accuracy. The influence on the measured gloss of the polymer material (in terms of its refractive index) and the color of the injection-molded object is also discussed. Light beige specimens in three different polymeric materials (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene/polycarbonate blend, and polypropylene) as well as three acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene products with different colors were used. The refractive index of the polymer had no major influence on the measured gloss. The gloss level increased slightly with increasing lightness of the specimens, which can be associated with an increased contribution from the bulk scattering. However, the surface texture governed most of the gloss variations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 45, no 10, 1343-1356 p.
Keyword [en]
light-scattering, color, reflectance, roughness
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15109DOI: 10.1002/pen.20393ISI: 000232533800003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-19844367647OAI: diva2:333150
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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