Metal mobility by de-icing salt from an infiltration trench for highway runoff
2005 (English)In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 20, no 10, 1907-1919 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Soil from an infiltration trench for highway runoff was leached in columns alternately with NaCl and de-ionised water to simulate the runoff of de-icing salt into the trench followed by snowmelt or rainwater. Simultaneously, two columns with the same soil were leached with de-ionised water throughout the experiment. In addition, the groundwater below the infiltration trench was sampled on some occasions. The column leachate and groundwater were split into two sub samples, one was filtered though a 0.45 mu m filter; both were analysed for Pb, Cd, Zn, Fe and total organic carbon (TOC). The column experiment showed clearly that an extensive mobilisation of Pb occurred in low electrolyte water leaching following NaCl leaching. The high Pb concentration coincided with peaks in Fe and TOC concentrations and implied colloid-assisted transport. Conversely, Cd and Zn concentrations were raised in the NaCl leachate and a high correlation with Cl showed that Cl complexes are important for the mobilisation, although a pH effect and ionic exchange cannot be excluded. Only 0.15% and 0.06% of the total amount of Pb was leached from the columns leached with alternating NaCl and deionised water confirming the usual hypotheses about the high immobility of Pb in soils. However, on one occasion when the ionic strength and pH was the lowest measured the concentration of Pb in groundwater sampled from 2.5 m depth was 27 mu g L-1 in the dissolved phase (< 0.45 mu m) and 77 mu g L-1 in the particle phase (> 0.45 mu m). These Pb concentrations are almost 3 and 8 times above the Swedish limit for drinking water quality. Accordingly, in spite of the immobility of Pb the accumulation in roadside soils is so large that groundwater quality is threatened. In conclusion, the study suggests that roadside soils impacted by NaCl from de-icing operations contribute Pb to groundwater by colloid-assisted transport.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 20, no 10, 1907-1919 p.
roadside soils, facilitated transport, leaching tests, heavy-metals, cadmium, zinc, mobilization, colloids, chloride, copper
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15149DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2005.06.002ISI: 000232933600006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-25444480813OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15149DiVA: diva2:333190
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved