Pyrosequencing in a microfluidic flow-through device
2005 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 77, no 23, 7505-7511 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To explore genome variation meaningfully, there is a critical need for a high-throughput and inexpensive platform for DNA analysis. Pyrosequencing is a nonelectrophoretic bioluminometric DNA sequencing method that uses a four-enzyme mixture reaction to monitor nucleotide incorporation in real time. Currently, the commercialized pyrosequencing technique is limited to a 96-microtiter plate format. However, high throughput and inexpensive pyrosequencing is required to meet the need of screening large numbers of samples. We present here DNA pyrosequencing on a nanoliter-volume microfluidic platform. The microfluidic approach involves the trapping of the DNA on microbeads in an on-chip filter chamber and flow-through of the pyrosequencing reagents to monitor the reaction in real time. Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms were successfully scored to evaluate the microfluidic platform. In addition to significantly reducing reagent costs, microfluidic systems promise to improve the read length by eliminating intermediate product accumulation by constant removal of unincorporated nucleotides and elimination of dilution effects at each reaction cycle in the current plate format. Although only one filter chamber was used in this study, the platform should be readily adaptable to parallel analyses of nanoliter samples using filter chamber arrays to obtain high-throughput DNA analysis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2005. Vol. 77, no 23, 7505-7511 p.
single-nucleotide polymorphisms, real-time, filter-chamber, dna, analysis, beads, discrimination, hybridization, extension, probes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15238DOI: 10.1021/ac0507542ISI: 000233785900012PubMedID: 16316155ScopusID: 2-s2.0-28544436911OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15238DiVA: diva2:333279
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052016-07-21Bibliographically approved