On the solidification of nodular cast iron and its relation to the expansion and contraction
2005 (English)In: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, Vol. 413, 363-372 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Directional solidification and quench-out thermal analysis experiments have been performed in Mg-treated cast iron alloys. The volume fraction of liquid, allstenite and graphite was evaluated. It was observed that the volume fraction of austenite is much larger than expected from the equilibrium phase diagram at the beginning of the solidification process. It was also been observed that the last melt solidifies far below the equilibrium eutectic temperature. The solidification process was analyzed by non-equilibrium thermodynamic models. The theoretical treatment was supported by the observation that the latent heat decreases during the solidification process. The formation of small pores was observed at the very end of the solidification. An explanation for the formation of the small pores is given in terms of a vacancies creep model. The formation of macropores was related to the large fraction of austenite formed during the first part of the solidification process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 413, 363-372 p.
cast iron, nodular, shrinkage, solidification, metastable, thermodynamics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15277DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2005.09.028ISI: 000234202900059ScopusID: 2-s2.0-29444456067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15277DiVA: diva2:333318
QC 20100525 QC 201110122010-08-052010-08-052011-10-12Bibliographically approved