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Model calculations of the spontaneous curvature, mean and Gaussian bending constants for a thermodynamically open surfactant film
2006 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 293, no 1, 181-193 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The spontaneous curvature (H-0), mean and Gaussian bending constants (k(c) and $(k) over bar $ (c)), as defined in the well-known Helfrich expression, have been calculated from a detailed model for a thermodynamically open surfactant layer. The effect of head group cross-section area, surfactant tail length and electrolyte concentration for monovalent ionic surfactants have been investigated. Geometrical packing constraints subjected to the aggregated hydrocarbon tails and electrostatics are found to be the dominant contributions to H-0, k(c) and (k) over bar (c). In addition, the transition from spherocylindrical micelles to vesicles were investigated in terms of the three parameters and the following simple expressions were derived as criteria for coexistence between micelles and vesicles H-0 = 1/4 xi and < N >(ves)/< N >(mic) = exp[4 pi(k(c) + (k) over bar (c))/kT], where xi is the thickness of the hydrocarbon part of the film and < N >(mic) and < N >(ves) the average aggregation numbers of micelles and vesicles, respectively. However, it is found that the ratio < N >(ves)/< N >(mic) is order of magnitudes too large for vesicles to form at all in charged single-surfactant systems where the surfactant head is of moderate size.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 293, no 1, 181-193 p.
Keyword [en]
angle neutron-scattering, sodium dodecyl-sulfate, charged membranes, phase-behavior, cationic surfactants, amphiphilic layers, chain organization, vesicle formation, free-energy, micelles
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15348ISI: 000233675600021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15348DiVA: diva2:333389
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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