Thin films of vanadium oxide grown on vanadium metal: oxidation conditions to produce V2O5 films for Li-intercalation applications and characterisation by XPS, AFM, RBS/NRA
2006 (English)In: Surface and Interface Analysis, ISSN 0142-2421, E-ISSN 1096-9918, Vol. 38, no 1, 6-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thin films of vanadium oxide were grown on vanadium metal surfaces W in air at ambient conditions, (ii) in 5 mm H2SO4 (aq), pH 3, (iii) by thermal oxidation at low oxygen pressure (10(-5) mbar) at temperatures between 350 and 550 degrees C and (iv) at near-atmospheric oxygen pressure (750 mbar) at 500 degrees C. The oxide films were investigated by atomic force microscopy (AIM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) and nuclear reaction analysis (NRA). The lithium intercalation properties were studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results show that the oxide films formed in air at room temperature (RT), in acidic aqueous solution, and at low oxygen pressure at elevated temperatures are composed Of V2O3. In air and in aqueous solution at RT, the oxide films are ultra-thin and hydroxylated. At 500 degrees C, nearly atmospheric oxygen pressure is required to form crystalline V2O5 films. The oxide films grown at pO(2) = 750 mbar for 5 min are about 260-nm thick, and consist of a 115-nm outer layer of crystalline V2O5. The inner oxide is mainly composed Of VO2. For all high temperature oxidations, the oxygen diffusion from the oxide film into the metal matrix was considerable. The oxygen saturation of the metal at 450 degrees C was found, by XPS, to be 27 at.% at the oxide/metal interface. The well-crystallized V2O5 film, formed by oxidation for 5 min at 500 degrees C and 750 mbar O-2, was shown to have good lithium intercalation properties and is a promising candidate as electrode material in lithium batteries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 38, no 1, 6-18 p.
vanadium, thermal oxidation, oxygen dissolution, vanadium oxide, lithium intercalation, AFM, XPS, RBS, NRA, chemical-vapor-deposition, x-ray photoelectron, lithium intercalation, oxygen system, transition, batteries, insertion, vo2, spectroscopy, electrodes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15375ISI: 000234611800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15375DiVA: diva2:333416
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved