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LiFeO2-LiCoO2-NiO materials for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell cathodes. Part II. Fabrication and characterization of porous gas diffusion cathodes
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Ceramics.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2268-5042
2006 (English)In: Solid State Ionics, ISSN 0167-2738, E-ISSN 1872-7689, Vol. 177, no 1-2, 175-184 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

LiFeO2-LiCoO2-NiO ternary materials are considered as more viable alternatives to lithiated NiO2 in solving the cathode dissolution problem of the Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC). This paper presents a detailed description of fabrication and characterization of LiFeO2-LiCoO2-NiO porous gas diffusion cathodes for MCFC, together with a brief discussion on the limitations and trends observed in cathode optimization. Several LiFeO2-LiCoO2-NiO ternary compositions and a LiFeO2-NiO binary composition, were fabricated into porous cathodes by tape casting and sintering. The sintered cathodes were subjected to phase analysis, electrical conductivity and pore structural characterization. A bimodal pore structure, appropriate for the MCFC cathode, could be achieved in sintered cathodes prepared using poreformers and sub-micron size powders. The amount of poreformers significantly influences the pore structure and the electrical conductivity of sintered cathodes. Furthermore, this study indicates the nature of the compromise to be made between the electrical conductivity, phase purity, pore structure and porosity in optimization cathodes for the MCFC application.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 177, no 1-2, 175-184 p.
Keyword [en]
porous gas diffusion electrodes, electrical conductivity, fuel cells, MCFC, LiFeO2-LiCoO2-NiO ternary compositions, licoo2 cathodes, nio cathode, performance
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15393DOI: 10.1016/j.ssi.2005.10.019ISI: 000234926200024ScopusID: 2-s2.0-29244468879OAI: diva2:333434
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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