Mechanical properties of high-density polyethylene and crosslinked high-density polyethylene in crude oil and its components
2006 (English)In: Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, ISSN 0887-6266, E-ISSN 1099-0488, Vol. 44, no 4, 641-648 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The tensile and stress-relaxation properties of an uncrosslinked and a loosely silane-crosslinked high-density polyethylene exposed to organic '' crude-oil '' penetrants were assessed. The measurements were performed on penetrant-saturated samples, surrounded by the organic liquid throughout the experiment. The penetrant solubilities in the two polymers were similar and in accordance with predicted values based on the solubility parameter method. The stiffness and strength of the swollen samples were significantly less than those of the dry samples, indicating a plasticization of the amorphous component. Raman spectroscopy on polyethylene exposed to deuterated n-hexane revealed a penetrant-induced partial melting/dissolution of the crystal surface and an intact crystal core component. The stress-relaxation rates, within the time frame of the experiment (similar to 1 s to 18 h), were approximately the same, independent of silane-crosslinks and the presence of penetrants. This indicated that the mechanical alpha-relaxation, which is the main relaxation process occurring in the measured time interval, was not affected by the penetrants. Consequently, its rate seemed to be independent of the crystal surface dissolution (decrease in the content of crystal-core interface). The shape of the '' log stress-log time '' curves of the swollen samples was, however, different from that of the dry samples. This was most likely attributed to a time-dependent saturation of penetrant to a higher level associated with the stretched state of the polymer sample. The silane crosslinks affected only the elongation at break, which was less than that of the uncrosslinked material.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 44, no 4, 641-648 p.
crude oil, HDPE, hydrocarbons, solubility, stress-relaxation, XLPE, transport-properties, alpha-relaxation, free-volume, polymers, hydrocarbons, morphology, diffusion, solvent, stress
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15408DOI: 10.1002/polb.20729ISI: 000235088700001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33644603222OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15408DiVA: diva2:333449
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved