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Theories of proton emission
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
2006 (English)In: Physics reports, ISSN 0370-1573, Vol. 424, no 3, 113-174 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Proton emission studies are presently the focal point of nuclear structure as well as nuclear reaction investigations in rare nuclei. Theoretical approaches to investigate the properties of such nuclei by using proton emission are reviewed. We analyse time-dependent and stationary formalisms within adiabatic and non-adiabatic methods. We investigate and compare the use of resonant Gamow states within coupled channels, R-matrix and distorded wave approaches. We give a description of odd-even as well as odd-odd proton emitters using axially symmetric or triaxial potentials. The emission to excited states of the daughter nucleus and angular distribution of the emitted proton is discussed. The status of numerical applications for both spherical and deformed approaches is reviewed. The importance of proton emission in analysing the properties of nuclear matter under exotic conditions is emphasized. in the appendices we give all technical details necessary to compute the observables connected with proton emission.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 424, no 3, 113-174 p.
Keyword [en]
proton emission, half-life, resonant states, barrier penetration, spectroscopic factor, angular distribution, R-matrix, S-matrix, coupled channels method, distorded wave method, semiclassical approach, adiabatic approach, rotational states, vibrational states, reduced matrix elements, deformed-nuclei, drip-line, analytic continuation, coupling-constant, spherical nuclei, resonant states, fine-structure, decay, radioactivity, emitters
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15411DOI: 10.1016/j.physrep.2005.11.001ISI: 000235110500001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-30544440801OAI: diva2:333452
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2010-08-20Bibliographically approved

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