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Propagation of various dark hollow beams in a turbulent atmosphere
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3401-1125
2006 (English)In: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 14, no 4, 1353-1367 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Propagation of a dark hollow beam (DHB) of circular, elliptical or rectangular symmetry in a turbulent atmosphere is investigated. Analytical formulas for the average intensity of various DHBs propagating in a turbulent atmosphere are derived in a tensor form based on the extended Huygens-Fresnel integral. The intensity and spreading properties of the DHBs in a turbulent atmosphere are studied numerically. It is found that after a long propagation distance a dark hollow beam of circular or non-circular eventually becomes a circular Gaussian beam (without dark hollow) in a turbulent atmosphere, which is much different from its propagation properties in free space. The conversion from a DHB to a circular Gaussian beam becomes quicker and the beam spot in the far field spreads more rapidly for a larger structure constant, a shorter wavelength, a lower beam order and a smaller waist size of the initial beam.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 14, no 4, 1353-1367 p.
Keyword [en]
gaussian laser-beams, free-space, order, intensity, networks
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15432ISI: 000235424400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15432DiVA: diva2:333473
Note
QC 20100831Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2013-11-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Propagation of some coherent and partially coherent laser beams
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Propagation of some coherent and partially coherent laser beams
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis, we investigate the propagation of some coherent and partially coherent laser beams, including a dark hollow beam (DHB), an elliptical Gaussian beam (EGB), a flat-topped beam and a twisted anisotropic Gaussian Schell-model (TAGSM) beam, through a paraxial optical system or a turbulent atmosphere. Several theoretical models are proposed to describe a DHB of circular or non-circular symmetry. Approximate analytical formulas for a DHB and a partially coherent TAGSM beam propagating through an apertured paraxial optical system are derived based on the generalized Collins formula. Analytical formulas for a DHB, an EGB, a flat-topped beam and a partially coherent TAGSM beam propagating in a turbulent atmosphere are derived in a tensor form based on the extended Huygens-Fresnel integral formula. It is found that after a long propagation distance these beams become circular Gaussian beams in a turbulent atmosphere, and this is quite different from their propagation properties in free space. The conversion of any of these beams to a circular Gaussian beam becomes quicker and the beam spot in the far field spreads more rapidly for a larger structure constant of the turbulent atmosphere, a shorter wavelength and a smaller waist size of the initial beam. Lower coherence and larger twist have a stronger effect of anti-circularization of the beam spot. Our analytical formulas provide a convenient way for studying the propagation of various laser beams through a paraxial optical system or a turbulent atmosphere. The concept of coincidence fractional Fourier transform (FRT) with an incoherent or partially coherent beam is introduced, and the optical system for its implementation is designed. The coincidence FRT is demonstrated experimentally with a partially coherent beam, and the experimental results are consistent with the theoretical results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. 67 p.
Series
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2006-20
Keyword
: dark hollow beam, elliptical Gaussian beam, flat-topped beam, twisted anisotropic Gaussian Schell-model, partial coherent, propagation, paraxial optical system
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4034 (URN)91-7178-391-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-06-15, auditorium H1, Teknikringer 33, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100831Available from: 2006-06-02 Created: 2006-06-02 Last updated: 2010-08-31Bibliographically approved

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He, Sailing

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