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The chemical potential in surface segregation calculations: AgPd alloys
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2832-3293
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2006 (English)In: Surface Science, ISSN 0039-6028, E-ISSN 1879-2758, Vol. 600, no 4, 904-913 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We put forward a technique for calculating the surface segregation profile in substitutional disordered alloys. The surface internal energy and the effective bulk and surface chemical potentials are calculated using the full charge density exact muffin-tin orbitals method, combined with the coherent potential approximation. The application of our approach is demonstrated to the close-packed surface of AgcPd1-c random alloys with 0 < c < 1. The surface concentration profile, surface energy and segregation energy are investigated as functions of bulk composition. The present results are compared with former theoretical and experimental data. It is found that at low temperature, Ag segregates to the surface layer for the entire bulk composition range. At 0 K, the subsurface layer contains 100% Pd for c <= 0.4, and somewhat more than (2c - 1) Ag in alloys with c > 0.5. The temperature dependence of the segregation profile is significant for I'd rich alloys and for alloys with intermediate concentrations. At temperatures >= 600 K, the subsurface layer is obtained to be almost bulk like.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 600, no 4, 904-913 p.
Keyword [en]
density functional calculation, surface segregation, surface energy, surface thermodynamics, palladium, silver, alloys, electron-gas, energies, solids, ni, pd
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15484DOI: 10.1016/j.susc.2005.12.023ISI: 000235723500021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-32444440746OAI: diva2:333525
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Vitos, LeventeJohansson, Börje
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