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Oxygen reduction electrodes for electrolysis in chlor-alkali cells
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Chemical Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6212-4194
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Chemical Reaction Engineering.
2006 (English)In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 0019-4686, Vol. 51, no 16, 3346-3350 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Oxygen reduction electrodes, containing non-noble metal catalysts supported on high surface area carbon and wet-proofed with PTFE were tested under reaction conditions for the chlor-alkali electrolysis. Double-layer gas diffusion electrodes were prepared by rolling of an active layer and diffusion layer on a nickel wire screen, compressed and sintered at 300 degrees C. Electrochemical measurements for substantiating the activity and stability of the half-cells were conducted in 8 M NaOH by supplying oxygen at a cell temperature of 70 degrees C and a constant current load of 300 mA cm(-2). An electrolysis cell with a dimensionally stable anode (DSA) and double-layered cathode was assembled, where 4.8 M NaCl and oxygen were supplied, respectively, for the production of chlorine and NaOH. The cell performances as well as stability of the electrodes were investigated at about 80 degrees C. This study shows that by replacing the high voltage consuming hydrogen-evolving reaction and by adopting highly active electrocatalysts as cathode materials, energy savings of more than 30% could be realized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 51, no 16, 3346-3350 p.
Keyword [en]
oxygen reduction, cathode, non-noble metal electrocatalyst, activity, stability, chlor-alkali electrolysis, platinum, catalyst, cathode
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15639DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2005.10.024ISI: 000237051700022ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33645389077OAI: diva2:333681
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Kiros, YohannesBursell, Martin
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