How much transport can the climate stand? Sweden on a sustainable path in 2050
2006 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 34, no 14, 1944-1957 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper an image of a sustainable transport system for Sweden in 2050 is outlined. The emissions per capita in this image may be generalized to a global population of 9 billions, and still be consistent with a stabilization of the carbon dioxide concentration at 450ppm (parts per million). Swedish transport energy use per capita is 4.6MWh in the image, compared to 12.5MWh at present. The aim is, first, to widen the perspective of sustainable transport futures and, second, to provide a basis for present decisions in areas characterized by a high inertia, e.g. regarding infrastructure and the built-up environment. All transport generated by the lifestyles of Swedish residents are included. The reduction of energy use in the image is primarily achieved by an introduction of energy efficient vehicles and a conscious combination of IT-services and urban planning. The latter aims at increasing functional accessibility while reducing commuting. A prioritization of leisure travel to structurally-enforced travel gives the possibility to increase leisure travel per capita by one third. However, this is contingent on a 50% reduction of per capita car travel in cities. Given the set-up target, it may be concluded that the need for new arterial road capacity in cities often is negligible, even with a considerable population increase.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 34, no 14, 1944-1957 p.
sustainable transport, climate change, backcasting, carbon dioxide, mobility management, telecommuting, energy, future
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15698DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2005.02.009ISI: 000237776000021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33645992739OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15698DiVA: diva2:333740
QC 20100525 QC 201110042010-08-052010-08-052011-10-04Bibliographically approved