From once-through nuclear fuel cycle to accelerator-driven transmutation
2006 (English)In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, Vol. 562, no 2, 630-633 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study simulation of different nuclear fuel cycle scenarios are performed. The reference scenario corresponds to a medium size nuclear power country, with 10 light water reactors (LWRs). The study addresses long-term, equilibrium fuel cycle scenarios, with and without plutonium recycling (MOX) in LWRs and transuranics (TRU) burning in accelerator-driven systems (ADS). However, also short-term phase-out scenarios, including TRU burning in ADS, are performed. The equilibrium simulation showed that four ADS units, each of 800 MWt, are sufficient to burn an amount of plutonium and americium corresponding to the build-up of those elements. The phase-out simulation of a country adopting an approach to reduce the spent nuclear fuel inventory, showed that complementary burning of TRU in three to four ADS units appear suitable. The fuel cycle simulations have been performed using the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Simulation (NFCSim) code [C.G. Bathke, E.A. Schneider, NFCSim User's Manual, Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-UR-04-8369, 2004.] and the Monteburns code [D.I. Poston, H.R. Trellue, User's Manual, Version 2.0 for Monteburns, Version 1.0, LA-UR-99-4999, 1999.].
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 562, no 2, 630-633 p.
accelerator-driven systems, ADS, fuel cycle, monteburns, MOX, NFCSim, ORIGEN2
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15817DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.02.075ISI: 000238764500020ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33744815928OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15817DiVA: diva2:333859
QC 20100525 QC 20111004. Conference: 7th International Conference on Accelerator Applications. Venice, ITALY. AUG 28-SEP 01, 20052010-08-052010-08-052011-10-04Bibliographically approved