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Solubility and electrochemical studies of LiFeO2-LiCoO2-NiO materials for the MCFC cathode application
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2268-5042
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2006 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, Vol. 160, no 2, 789-795 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The dissolution of the state-of-the-art lithiated NiO is still considered as one of the main obstacles to the commercialisation of the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). Development of alternative cathode materials has been considered as a main strategy for solving this problem. Ternary compositions of LiFeO2, LiCoO2 and NiO are expected to decrease the cathode solubility while ensuring a good electrical conductivity and electrochemical activity towards the oxygen reduction. In this work, new material compositions in the LiFeO2-LiCoO2-NiO ternary system were synthesised using Pechini method and investigating their electrical conductivity by the DC four probe method. Then the influence of the cobalt content in the composition was determined in terms of AC impedance analysis and solubility measurements after 200 h of immersion in Li2CO3-Na2CO3 at 650 degrees C. The DC electrical conductivity study reveals the ability of improving the electrical conductivity, adequate for MCFC cathode application, by controlling the Co content of the composition. A special attention was given to the evolution of the open circuit potential as a function of time and to the impedance spectroscopy characterization related to microstructure modifications. Taking into account solubility, electrical conductivity, as well as electrochemical performance in the fuel cell, this study reveals the possibility of using LiFeO2-LiCoO2-NiO ternary materials for MCFC cathode.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 160, no 2, 789-795 p.
Keyword [en]
MCFC, cathode, LiFeO2-LiCoO2-NiO ternary materials, open circuit potential, solubility, impedance spectroscopy, carbonate fuel-cell, performance
National Category
Materials Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16077DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.04.136ISI: 000241411600004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33748982911OAI: diva2:334119
QC 20100525 QC 20110928. Conference: International Workshop on Molten Carbonate Fuels Cells and Related Science and Technology. Toulouse, FRANCE. AUG 29-31, 2005Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2012-03-22Bibliographically approved

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