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Selective desorption of carbon dioxide from sewage sludge for in situ methane enrichment - Part 1: Pilot-plant experiments
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Transport Phenomena.
2006 (English)In: Biotechnology and Bioengineering, ISSN 0006-3592, E-ISSN 1097-0290, Vol. 95, no 5, 794-803 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In situ methane enrichment in anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge has been investigated by experiments and by modeling. In this first part, the experimental work on the desorption of carbon dioxide and methane from sewage sludge is reported. The bubble column, had a diameter of 0.3 m and a variable height up to 1.8 m. At operation the dispersion height in the column was between 1 and 1.3 m. Outdoor air was used. The column was placed close to a full-scale sewage sludge digester, at a municipal wastewater treatment plant. The digester was operated at mesophilic conditions with a hydraulic retention time of about 20 days. The bubble column was operated to steady-state, at which carbon dioxide concentration and alkalinity were determined on the liquid side, and the concentration of carbon dioxide and methane on the gas side. Thirty-eight experiments were performed at various liquid and gas flow rates. The experimental results show that the desorption rates achieved for carbon dioxide ranges from 0.07 to 0.25 m(3) CO2/m(3) sludge per day, which is comparable to the rate of generation by the anaerobic digestion. With increasing liquid flow rate and decreasing gas flow rate the amount of methane desorbed per amount of carbon dioxide desorbed increases. The lowest methane loss achieved is approximately 2% of the estimated methane production in the digestion process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 95, no 5, 794-803 p.
Keyword [en]
biogas, carbon dioxide, methane, desorption, sewage sludge, design
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16114DOI: 10.1002/bit.21015ISI: 000241823000003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33845252443OAI: diva2:334156
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Rasmuson, Åke C.
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