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Layer-specific 3D residual deformations of human aortas with non-atherosclerotic intimal thickening
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.), Biomechanics.
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2007 (English)In: Annals of Biomedical Engineering, ISSN 0090-6964, E-ISSN 1573-9686, Vol. 35, no 4, 530-545 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Data relating to residual deformations in human arteries are scarce. In this paper we investigate three-dimensional residual deformations for intact strips and for their separate layers from human aortas in their passive state. From 11 abdominal aortas with identified anamnesis, 16 pairs of rings and axial strips were harvested, and the rings cut open. After 16 h images of the resulting geometries were recorded, and the strips were separated into their three layers; after another 6 h images were again recorded. Image processing and analysis was then used to quantify residual stretches and curvatures. For each specimen histological analysis established that the intima, media and adventitia were clearly separated, and the separation was atraumatic. Axial in situ stretches were determined to be 1.196 +/- 0.084. On separation, the strips from the adventitia and media shortened (between 4.03 and 8.76% on average), while the intimal strips elongated on average by 3.84% (circumferential) and 4.28% (axial) relative to the associated intact strips. After separation, the adventitia from the ring sprang open by about 180 degrees on average, becoming flat, the intima opened only slightly, but the media sprang open by more than 180 degrees (as did the intact strip). The adventitia and intima from the axial strips remained flat, while the media (and the intact strip) bent away from the vessel axis. This study has shown that residual deformations are three dimensional and cannot be described by a single parameter such as 'the' opening angle. Their quantification and modeling therefore require consideration of both stretching and bending, which are highly layer-specific and axially dependent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 35, no 4, 530-545 p.
Keyword [en]
arterial layer separation, human aorta, residual deformation, residual stress, vascular heterogeneity, uniform strain hypothesis, mechanical-properties, arterial mechanics, carotid arteries, rat aorta, in-vitro, stress, adventitia, wall, age
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16470DOI: 10.1007/s10439-006-9252-zISI: 000245078300004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33947411432OAI: diva2:334512
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Holzapfel, Gerhard A.
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