Autoignition of toluene reference fuels at high pressures modeled with detailed chemical kinetics
2007 (English)In: Combustion and Flame, ISSN 0010-2180, E-ISSN 1556-2921, Vol. 149, no 02-jan, 2-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A detailed chemical kinetic model for the autoignition of toluene reference fuels (TRF) is presented. The toluene submechanism added to the Lawrence Livermore Primary Reference Fuel (PRF) mechanism was developed using recent shock tube autoignition delay time data under conditions relevant to HCCI combustion. For two-component fuels the model was validated against recent high-pressure shock tube autoignition delay time data for a mixture consisting of 35% n-heptane and 65% toluene by liquid volume. Important features of the autoignition of the mixture proved to be cross-acceleration effects, where hydroperoxy radicals produced during n-heptane oxidation dramatically increased the oxidation rate of toluene compared to the case when toluene alone was oxidized. Rate constants for the reaction of benzyl and hydroperoxyl radicals previously used in the modeling of the oxidation of toluene alone were untenably high for modeling of the mixture. To model both systems it was found necessary to use a lower rate and introduce an additional branching route in the reaction between benzyl radicals and O-2. Good agreement between experiments and predictions was found when the model was validated against shock tube autoignition delay data for gasoline surrogate fuels consisting of mixtures of 63-69% isooctane, 14-20% toluene, and 17% n-heptane by liquid volume. Cross reactions such as hydrogen abstractions between toluene and alkyl and alkylperoxy radicals and between the PRF were introduced for completion of chemical description. They were only of small importance for modeling autoignition delays from shock tube experiments, even at low temperatures. A single-zone engine model was used to evaluate how well the validated mechanism could capture autoignition behavior of toluene reference fuels in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine. The model could qualitatively predict the experiments, except in the case with boosted intake pressure, where the initial temperature had to be increased significantly in order to predict the point of autoignition.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 149, no 02-jan, 2-24 p.
autoignition, toluene reference fuels, n-heptane, toluene, cross acceleration, cross reactions, practical combustion systems, high-temperature oxidation, hydrocarbon fuels, surrogate fuel, shock-tube, mixtures, ignition
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16551DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2006.12.014ISI: 000245659700002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33947573691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-16551DiVA: diva2:334593
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-05Bibliographically approved