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Modeling plaque fissuring and dissection during balloon angioplasty intervention
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.).
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.), Biomechanics.
2007 (English)In: Annals of Biomedical Engineering, ISSN 0090-6964, E-ISSN 1573-9686, Vol. 35, no 5, 711-723 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Balloon angioplasty intervention is traumatic to arterial tissue. Fracture mechanisms such as plaque fissuring and/or dissection occur and constitute major contributions to the lumen enlargement. However, these types of mechanically-based traumatization of arterial tissue are also contributing factors to both acute procedural complications and chronic restenosis of the treatment site. We propose physical and finite element models, which are generally useable to trace fissuring and/or dissection in atherosclerotic plaques during balloon angioplasty interventions. The arterial wall is described as an anisotropic, heterogeneous, highly deformable, nearly incompressible body, whereas tissue failure is captured by a strong discontinuity kinematics and a novel cohesive zone model. The numerical implementation is based on the partition of unity finite element method and the interface element method. The later is used to link together meshes of the different tissue components. The balloon angioplasty-based failure mechanisms are numerically studied in 3D by means of an atherosclerotic-prone human external iliac artery, with a type V lesion. Image-based 3D geometry is generated and tissue-specific material properties are considered. Numerical results show that in a primary phase the plaque fissures at both shoulders of the fibrous cap and stops at the lamina elastica interna. In a secondary phase, local dissections between the intima and the media develop at the fibrous cap location with the smallest thickness. The predicted results indicate that plaque fissuring and dissection cause localized mechanical trauma, but prevent the main portion of the stenosis from high stress, and hence from continuous tissue damage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 35, no 5, 711-723 p.
Keyword [en]
artery, atherosclerotic plaque, balloon angioplasty, cohesive zone model, dissection, FEM, plaque fissuring, transluminal coronary angioplasty, fiber-reinforced composites, 3d crack-propagation, intravascular ultrasound, atherosclerotic plaque, magnetic-resonance, arterial-wall, strong discontinuities, unreinforced concrete, elastic properties
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16562DOI: 10.1007/s10439-007-9258-1ISI: 000245816900003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34247268669OAI: diva2:334604
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Gasser, T. ChristianHolzapfel, Gerhard A.
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