Time-dependent density functional calculations of phosphorescence parameters for fac-tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium
2007 (English)In: Chemical Physics, ISSN 0301-0104, E-ISSN 1873-4421, Vol. 333, no 03-feb, 157-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
fac-Tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium [fac-Ir(PPY)(3)] produces strong phosphorescence and has therefore been used as materials in organic light emitting diodes to overcome the efficiency limit imposed by the formation of triplet excitons. Accounting for this circumstance we present in this paper a theoretical study of phosphorescence in the Ir(PPY)(3) complex. The spin-orbit coupling effects and the radiative lifetime in the high temperature limit (T) are calculated by time-dependent density functional theory using quadratic response technology in order to elucidate the main mechanism of the phosphorescence. It is found that the orbital structure of the T, state has a localized character and that the T1 -> S0 transition is determined mostly by charge transfer from one of the ligands to the metal. At the vertical S-0-T-1 excitation the triplet state is highly delocalized among all three ligands and has a mixed pi pi* and metal-to-ligand charge transfer character. The intensity borrowing from the S-0 to S-5 transitions is mostly responsible for the strong phosphorescence emission from the x and y spin sublevels. Our results concord with the experimental data on temperature and magnetic field dependence of the phosphorescence kinetics. The calculated radiative lifetime in the high temperature limit agrees well with the measured decay times (2 mu s) accounting for negligible non-radiative quenching of the lowest triplet state.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 333, no 03-feb, 157-167 p.
Ir(ppy)(3), phosphorescence, OLED, DFT, molecular-orbital methods, effective nuclear charges, free-base porphin, ab-initio, conjugated polymers, exciton formation, state properties, basis-sets, complexes, emission
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16589DOI: 10.1016/j.chemphys.2007.01.021ISI: 000246060500008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33947228297OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-16589DiVA: diva2:334631
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052010-12-03Bibliographically approved