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Build-up of carboxylic acids in polyethylene and their relation to off-flavor and carbonyl index
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
2007 (English)In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 45, no 10, 1848-1859 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Oxidation of polyethylene (PE) gives a mixture of degradation products. Carboxylic acids are among the major ones. They are believed to cause off-flavor in food and beverage packaging. Our previous research has shown that identification and use of indicator products gives earlier detection of oxidation in plastic materials. In the present study, the relation between off-flavor in water extracts of PE and each of the carboxylic acids in the homologous series from propanoic to nonanoic acid were investigated. Also, a comparison between carbonyl index in solid PE and each of the carboxylic acids in the homologous series from propanoic to decanoic acid were examined. The amount of the carboxylic acids was assessed by head-space solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). It was found that the amount of butanoic and hexanoic acid correlated well with the rated off-flavor intensities in the water extracts. This confirmed earlier results on a linkage between these two carboxylic acids and highly rated off-flavor intensities. Moreover, a relation between the build-up of propanoic acid in the solid PE and carbonyl index was found. Hence, propanoic acid could be used as an indicator product for earlier oxidation detection in these PE materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 45, no 10, 1848-1859 p.
Keyword [en]
degradation, polyethylene (PE), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), head-space solid-phase extraction (HS-SPME), infrared spectrometry, solid-phase microextraction, low-density polyethylene, environmentally degradable polyethylene, chromatography-mass-spectrometry, volatile fatty-acids, extruded films, products, extrusion, oxidation, identification
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16598DOI: 10.1002/pola.21948ISI: 000246122300004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34249082742OAI: diva2:334640
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Albertsson, Ann-Christine
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