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Magnetic state, magnetovolume effects, and atomic order in Fe65Ni35 Invar alloy: A first principles study
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
2007 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 76, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We employ the locally self-consistent Green's function technique and exact muffin-tin orbital method to investigate magnetic state and ground state properties of Invar Fe65Ni35 alloy. We show that it is in a chemically disordered state, characterized by a relatively small amount of atomic short-range order, above the magnetic ordering temperature. We speculate that it should remain in this state below the Curie temperature upon applying usual heat treatment for the Invar alloys. The magnetic state at the experimental lattice spacing is shown to be sensitive to the type of approximation for the exchange-correlation functional: While the magnetic ground state is purely ferromagnetic in the generalized gradient approximation, there is a small amount of Fe atoms with magnetic moment antiferromagnetically aligned relative to the global magnetization in the local density approximations. The local spin-density approximation, however, fails to yield correctly the equilibrium lattice spacing, whereas the generalized gradient approximation reproduces it reasonably well. The anomalous spontaneous volume magnetostriction leading to the Invar effect is found to be approximate to 3%, in fair agreement with the experimental estimate of approximate to 2.2%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 76, no 1
Keyword [en]
fe-ni invar, generalized gradient approximation, iron-nickel alloys, transition-metals, phase-diagram, electronic-structure, low-temperatures, fe3pt invar, antiferromagnetism, ferromagnetism
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16839DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.76.014420ISI: 000248487900077Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34447296734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-16839DiVA: diva2:334882
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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