Preparation of electrically conducting cellulose fibres utilizing polyelectrolyte multilayers of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrene sulphonate) and poly(allyl amine)
2007 (English)In: European Polymer Journal, ISSN 0014-3057, E-ISSN 1873-1945, Vol. 43, no 10, 4075-4091 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
The primary goal with this work is to create electrically conductive cellulose fibres, this has been done to explore possible new applications for fibre based material. This research uses various methods to create polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) on bleached softwood fibres and on SiO2 model surfaces, by sequentially treating these materials with poly(3,4ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulphonate) (PEDOT:PSS) and poly(allyl amine) (PAH). Paper sheets were then produced from the PEM-modified pulp and evaluated in terms of tensile strength, adsorbed amount of polymer, and electrical conductivity. To evaluate the influence of fibre charge on the measured paper properties, pulps of two different initial fibre charge densities were prepared via carboxymethylation. Because of the bluish colour of PEDOT:PSS, the build-up of PEM could be easily followed, since the fibres grew increasingly darker blue throughout the modification sequence. The conductivity of the fibre network increased by 2-3 orders of magnitude when the pulp of a higher fibre charge density was used. This suggests that it is more important to create a fibrous network with a high fibre-fibre joint strength and a large total joined area in the sheet rather than to maximize the adsorbed amount of PEDOT:PSS. A difference in conductivity could also be noted depending on the polyelectrolyte adsorbed in the outer layer, PAH lowered the conductivity compared to PEDOT:PSS. Evaluating the mechanical properties revealed that the use of PEDOT:PSS reduces the tensile strength of the paper. When five double layers had been adsorbed onto the carboxymethylated sample in which PEDOT:PSS formed the outer layer, calculations indicated a 25% decrease in tensile strength compared to that of reference material without PEMs. ESEM studies indicate that PEM treatment produces a significantly changed and somewhat smoother fibre surface.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 43, no 10, 4075-4091 p.
electrical, conductive, polymer, polyelectrolyte, multilayer, mechanical properties, wood pulp fibers, paper strength, wettability, polymer, polyacetylene, derivatives, adsorption, joint, angle
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-17065DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2007.03.053ISI: 000250386600002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34848827911OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-17065DiVA: diva2:335108
QC 201005252010-08-052010-08-052010-08-23Bibliographically approved