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Suprathermal deuterium ions produced by nuclear elastic scattering of ICRH driven He-3 ions in JET plasmas
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7142-7103
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2007 (English)In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 49, no 11, 1747-1766 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Measurements of the suprathermal tail of the energy distribution function of deuterium ions, in plasmas containing MeV energy ICRH driven minority He-3 ions and majority deuterium ions, revealed that the suprathermal tail ion density exceeded by nearly an order of magnitude that expected due to nuclear elastic scattering (NES) of He-3 projectile ions on deuterium target ions. The experiments were performed on the Joint European Torus (JET), measurements of the line-of-sight integrated energy distribution functions of He-3 and suprathermal deuterium ions were made using a high energy neutral particle analyzer. The NES or 'knock-on' deuterium ion energy distribution function was simulated using the FPP-3D Fokker-Plank code (Zaitsev et al 2002 Nucl. Fusion 42 1340) which solves the 3D trajectory averaged kinetic equations in JET tokamak geometry while taking into account NES of He-3 ions on the deuterium ions. The required input energy distribution function of ICRH driven He-3 ions was simulated using the SELFO code (Hedin et al 2002 Nucl. Fusion 42 527). The comparison between measurement and simulation in the He-3 ICRH experiments is contrasted with an analogous previous comparison between measurements and simulation of JET plasmas in which 3.5MeV DT fusion alpha-particles were the projectile ions, where measurement and simulation roughly agreed. Possible explanations for the observed excess knock-on deuterium tail in the experiments with He-3 minority

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 49, no 11, 1747-1766 p.
Keyword [en]
joint european torus, fusion alpha-particles, close collisions, tokamak plasmas, distributions, equations, protons, tftr
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-17097DOI: 10.1088/0741-3335/49/11/001ISI: 000250727000001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-35548930365OAI: diva2:335140
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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